In the period between 2013 and 2014, Ukraine witnessed a remarkable increase in the percentage of wheat production within its lands, which made it one of the largest wheat exporting countries around the world, as Ukraine’s wheat production reached
People’s republic of China
China ranks first as the largest wheat-producing country around the world, with a massive production of about 136 million tons annually, as China has an area of about 24 million hectares dedicated to cultivating wheat only, and China’s production represents 17.4% of the global production of wheat.
The Chinese are also interested in wheat as the main ingredient for some types of main food in Chinese cuisine, and the wheat industry is flourishing in China due to the availability of valleys, rivers and climatic conditions suitable for the growth of this plant.
Republic of India
With an annual production of about 109 million tons of wheat, India is the second largest wheat-producing country in the world, and its production represents 13.5% of global wheat production. Wheat cultivation is widespread in most of the lands of India, and 13% of the total area of India has been allocated to wheat cultivation only.
Wheat is the second most important food crop grown in India after rice, as hundreds of millions of Indians rely on wheat mainly in their daily food. India’s wheat production represents about 8.7% of world wheat production. The Indian Ministry of Food has stated that it expects its annual production to drop to 105 million tons within the current year (2022).
The third largest wheat-producing country around the world, Russia’s annual wheat production is about 86 million tons, and it represents 9.7% of global wheat production. Russia also ranked fifth in the list of the largest wheat exporting countries until 2011 for five consecutive years, and became the first in the world to export wheat by 2020.
Winter wheat is mainly grown in Russia, in the lands surrounding the city of Moscow in western Russia, where this wheat is grown between August and the first week of October, and then harvested between July and August of the year next.
United States of America
America produces about 47 million tons of wheat annually, thus ranking fourth among the top 10 wheat-producing countries around the world, and wheat production in America represents 6.8% of global wheat production. In recent years, the country has witnessed a huge increase in the production of tons of annual wheat in its lands, which put it in relative competition with Russia for the third place in the list of the largest wheat producers in the world.
The United States also produces eight different types of wheat, as winter wheat represents about 75% of the wheat produced in it, in addition to other types such as durum wheat, spring wheat, soft white, and others. And 50% of wheat production in America is exported, which secures huge revenues for the country amounting to $ 9 billion annually.
France’s annual production of wheat is about 37 million tons annually, making it the largest wheat-producing country in Europe and the fifth largest producer of wheat around the world. Where French production of wheat represents about 5.3% of global production.
Wheat is cultivated throughout the country, and the regions in the center of the country are responsible for the largest production of wheat, accounting for 16% of the total wheat production in France. Winter wheat is the main variety of wheat grown in this country, as it is planted in the fall season and harvested in August of the following year.
Wheat is one of the most important winter crops in Australia with an annual production of 32 million tons, making it the sixth largest in the list of the top 10 wheat-producing countries in the world. Western Australia, Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland are the largest wheat-producing regions, where the crop is planted in the autumn months, and then harvested in spring or winter. Western Australia is one of the largest exporters of wheat to some countries in Asia and the Middle East, with annual revenues of $2 billion.
Wheat in Canada is the most important agricultural crop in the country, as Canada ranks seventh among the top 10 wheat-producing countries in the world, with an annual production of 30 million tons.
Different types of wheat are grown in Canada, such as winter wheat, dark spring wheat, durum wheat, and others, because Canada enjoys a climate characterized by heavy rains, which increases the opportunity for wheat to grow on its lands.
Pakistan produces 26.5 million tons of wheat annually, as wheat is a major food item that is included in the manufacture of most of the diets of the Pakistani people. Wheat is grown throughout Pakistan, and the Punjab and Sindh regions are famous for producing the largest amount of Pakistani wheat.
This is due to the availability of fertile soil suitable for growing wheat near the Indus River, and thus Pakistan is one of the largest wheat producing countries around the world.
In the period between 2013 and 2014, Ukraine witnessed a remarkable increase in the percentage of wheat production within its lands, which made it one of the largest wheat exporters around the world, as Ukraine’s wheat production reached about 26 million tons annually. Ukraine is also known as the breadbasket of Europe due to its production of hard red winter wheat, which is used in bread making.
In the year 2022, the Russian-Ukrainian war affected the export of wheat from both countries to different countries, such as Egypt and Indonesia, as the markets of both countries witnessed a significant increase in bread prices, knowing that they are at the forefront among global wheat importers.
The war also affected Turkey, as it witnessed a remarkable increase in wheat production, reaching about 30% over last year, with the aim of securing the needs of its population and ensuring the continuity of its export of wheat to 150 countries around the world.
Germany is one of the highest wheat-producing countries in the European Union, and it ranks last in the list of the 10 largest wheat-producing countries in the world with an annual production of 24 million tons. Winter wheat is grown all over the country, especially in central Germany, and if the climate is stable and suitable for cultivation Thus, wheat is sown in October and harvested in August of the following year.
It should be noted that each of the aforementioned countries may go through positive or negative turns, such as wars and natural disasters, for example, and as a result, these turns will be reflected in the country’s ranking among the list of the largest wheat-producing countries around the world, progress or decline.
We must testify that every country capable of producing wheat in large quantities is a country that possesses one of the most important elements of human life, and therefore it possesses the largest profitable trade as long as this life continues on the planet. History witnessed the emergence of many ancient civilizations, in which the wheat plant was the backbone of their development, such as the Pharaonic and Babylonian civilizations and others. For this reason, the country competed over the wheat trade from time immemorial to the present day to the extent of conflicts, which proves that the origin of the emergence of any civilization is the well-being of people in that civilization in the first place.